You Need to Know How to Drink Water for Dogs and Cats to Ensure Their Health.

Most owners of dogs and cats care about the nutritional ration of food, the type of food and how to feed them …, very few people pay attention to the drinking water and how to give dogs and cats how to drink water. However, water also plays a very important role for dogs and cats, just like the role of water for our bodies. So, how to give cats water properly to ensure their nutritional ability? Read the article below for an answer!

You Need to Know How to Drink Water for Dogs and Cats to Ensure Their Health.

1. What is the role of water with cats and dogs?

Scientists recommend: “Water makes up 80% of the pet’s body. Let them drink water! ”. So give them water regularly to boost their metabolism.

2. What is the water from dog and cat foods?

Prepared dry foods (seeds): 10% moisture

Prepared moist foods (seeds): 40-50% moisture

Canned food: humidity 75-85%

Vegetables, tubers, fruits: 50-70% water.

As you can see, only through food, dogs and cats can not get enough water for the metabolism of the body. Especially dry foods will cause kidney and urinary infections if not enough water to drink.

3. Can people drink dog and cat drinks?

You Need to Know How to Drink Water for Dogs and Cats to Ensure Their Health.

– Cool boiled water has destroyed many bacteria and toxic substances but also changed the natural structure of water, losing oxygen and some trace elements that are very necessary for the body. Therefore, cool boiled water is not the most ideal drink for dogs and cats.

– Mineral water: Unfortunately, although mineral water (real mineral water) provides the body with essential minerals, there are also salts and mixtures that dogs and cats cannot use. Mineral salts will concentrate in the muscles, joints, for a long time cause deformation, reduce mobility and the components in water that can cause deposits, grit, kidney stones, urinary … especially for dogs, old cat.

– Carbonated water, fresh water of people: It may be refreshments and people’s hobbies, but with dogs and cats, they will not like these drinks because of their strange taste.

4. What kind of water is suitable for cats and dogs?

The best water for dogs and cats is naturally clean water, possibly rainwater, from a tap water because there are not many dangerous microorganisms. It is not necessary to boil like human water.

5. How to give dogs and cats water?

– It is best to meet the needs of drinking water. Water is available everywhere so cats and dogs can conveniently drink it when needed.

– Do not give your cat water of unknown supplies.

Cut Your Dog’s Nails, What Do You Need to Know?

Trimming your dog’s pedicure, not only to improve the appearance, but also is a very important task in its health care. Untrusted nails can cause a range of problems, such as broken nails that can be painful and cause blood loss. In some cases, the nail will curl, grow back, and stab inside the dog’s paws.

Signs you need to trim your dog’s toenails:

An easy sign that your dog’s toenails are too long is when walking in places without a carpet it will make a “click-click-click” sound, some may have difficulty walking, or show pain. pain, which may include lifting up the affected nail, and only walk with the remaining feet.

Please follow these steps:

Cut Your Dog's Nails, What Do You Need to Know?

Tools: a nail clippers, powders to stop bleeding, blood pads, or other products to prevent blood loss if you accidentally cut the dog’s soft flesh.

– You can sit on the floor with your dog, cuddle it or ask someone to help you to keep it still. Hold the puppy firmly, continue pushing the instep to extend the toenail. Locate where the soft meat ends With clear and bright nails, it’s easy to see where the soft end of the soft flesh is where pink is located.

Using a nail clipper for the dog, cut the nail below the soft flesh at an angle of 45 degrees, with the final cutting edge of the nail clipper toward the bottom of the nail. You will cut off the tip of the dog’s toes. For dogs, especially those with darker colored nails, it is advisable to use small nippers instead of a larger piece. Cut small, thin pieces at the end of the nail until you see a black dot appear in the center of the nail. This is the starting point for the soft meat you need to avoid. One very useful information is that the more you dilute your dog’s nail, the more the software grows back into the nail, allowing you to shorten the time for each cut.

– In some cases, if the nail is brittle, the cut may cause small nail fragments. In these cases, you should use a nail file and file from the innermost position of the nail and move along the curve of the nail. A few files can remove the sharp edges and your dog’s toenails will become smoother.

– If your dog will sit longer, cut the entire nail this way. In the opposite case, let it rest a bit. And remember not to cut its magical claw (claw). In most domestic animals, the hoof is raised above and on the inside of the lower leg. If you do not trim the nail, it can grow longer and will bend, stabbing soft tissue causing infection and soreness like the case of ingrown toenails.

– If you accidentally cut off the tender meat, wipe off the blood and use hemostatic medicine to stop the bleeding. If the wound is not too serious, it will recover in a very short time, if necessary, contact your veterinarian for treatment.

Some helpful tips

– It is better to trim the dog’s nails into smaller pieces sequentially and steadily than when trying to cut a large piece. Trim your dog’s nails every week, even for long walks that gradually wear down their toenails. The soft fleshy, blood vessels are located in the center of the toenails, it will grow similar to the development of the nail length. So if the time between two cuts is quite far, the soft meat will be very close to the tip of the nail. This can cause bleeding during nail clippers.

– Cut the claw so that when the dog moves on the floor, its toenails won’t touch the floor.

– Should invest a good nail clippers with appropriate size. They will be very durable and can be used throughout the dog’s life.

– Make nail clippers time fun and not a struggle or endurance. This is not a boring and unhappy chore. If your dog is not used to having a manicure, start slowly, slowly holding his toes firmly for 15-30 seconds. Do not let it bite you.

– It will take a period of a week or more for dogs to get used to this. As your dog gets used to it and doesn’t resist when his paw is held, cut a nail and if it’s okay, praise it and have a little fun with it. After a while, continue cutting to the next nail until all the nails are cut.

Why Is My Leopard Gecko Not Eating?

There are so many reasons present due to which a leopard gecko stops eating. Most of the time, these geckos go through various issues, which makes them feel alone and sad. It is very important to spend some time with your pet and makes them feel that they are not alone and keep them happy. If geckos are not eating correctly, then try to provide them with some best food for leopard gecko. It can help you and your gecko to feed them and make them remain fit and healthy.

If your gecko will not eat anything and continue skipping its food, then it can lead it to severe illness and makes them s weak. You should consult a gecko specialist that why your gecko is not eating anything; it might be a serious issue. It is very important to know each and every aspect of the animal that you prefer to make your pet. Different animals have different tastes and preferences, which make them choose according to their taste.

If you want to know the various reasons due to which your leopard Gecko is not eating, then you can consider this article for that. It will help you to know the basic reasons and other aspects.

Environment

Why Is My Leopard Gecko Not Eating?

  • One of the most important reasons why your Leopard Gecko is not eating anything is due to the environment.
  • Geckos usually don’t prefer to live in a cold environment as it can make them feel so cold and also reduces their starving capacity.
  • If your gecko refuses to eat due to environment-related issues, then you should prefer to feed the best food for leopard gecko.
  • As you all know, that environment plays a significant role in keeping each and every creature alive on the earth.
  • These animals usually feel too cold when they don’t get appropriate heat and any other reason, which makes them feel cold. It might be due to various reasons such as your bulb has been burned out, the heat mat stopped working `and many others.
  • The change in the season can make them feel cold and leads them to have a temperature due to which they feel sick and need s to get checked.

Injury

  • Injury can be another reason why your leopard gecko is not eating anything as they can have any stomach related problems.
  • There are different breeds of leopard gecko are present which have various tastes and preferences and tends to have multiple behaviors. Most of these breed animals are naughty and keeps on getting involved in some risky things so they can get injured very fast.
  • If any animal gets some injury or any other health-related issues, then they most of the time refuse to eat as they don’t feel well and good.
  • After getting an injury, geckos feel so lonely and separated from their family members as they won’t b able to ply with them and only keeps on relaxing.
  • There are various injuries that a gecko can come into contact with that are eyesight problem, stomach problem, tail injury, and many others.
  • It is very important for you to take proper care of your pet and make them feel relaxed after they get any injury and make them eat by you till they get recovered.

Sickness

Why Is My Leopard Gecko Not Eating?

  • There are so many things from which most of the animals have an allergy. It can cause due to which they can fall sick. It is your responsibility to take care of each and everything of your gecko from which thing it has a problem.
  • Leopard geckos get sick faster from cold weather, and you should take proper care that your gecko will not get in touch will extreme cold weather.
  • Cold weather can make your gecko leads to death and make you feel bad; that why you don’t take good care of them, so always try to stay them away from cold.
  • When geckos felt sick, then at that moment, they don’t like to eat anything, and at that time, you should try to feed them with the best food for leopard gecko.
  • It can help you to make your pet eat something and also helps them to recover faster and again become healthy like before.
  • When you or your animal gets sick, then no one will prefer to do any work, not even love to have some food.

Vision Problems

  • Leopard Gecko won’t be able to eat anything when they retained some skin on their eyes, and it especially happens when they try to catch a cricket.
  • This problem can make the eyesight of your gecko weak and leads them to have an unsafe and unhealthy life. In this situation, you have to take proper care of your gecko and feed them time to keep them fit and healthy.
  • This problem usually occurs when the gecko doesn’t get proper care, and when a lot of humidity occurs in their cage. Humidity is one of the most important reasons why a gecko stops eating as they don’t feel right, and free always feels like suffocation.
  • You should allow your gecko to move outside their cage so that they can get some fresh air and get rid of the suffocation problem.
  • If the vision of the gecko gets weak, then it can lead you and your gecko to a severe problem, which can make them feel like a blind.
  • Vision problem is such a dangerous problem as it can lead your pet to a difficult, dangerous situation and also leads them to death.

Wrap It Up

Why Is My Leopard Gecko Not Eating?

All the points mentioned above are some of the reasons why your leopard gecko avoids eating anything. You should prefer to sue the best food for leopard gecko so that they can get the strength to eat and have some energy. As you all know that energy and power are a must to live a fit and healthy life, whether it’s a human or an animal.

Usual Pet Diseases

Usual Pet Diseases

Common Dog Illness

As a pet dog moms and dad, it is very important to identify the signs and symptoms of common ailments so you can look for vet assistance for your canine buddy asap. Continue reading for information about conditions and also various other medical inflictions that regularly influence pets.

Cancer cells

Discovering that a liked one has cancer can be extremely frightening as well as complicated. When that enjoyed one is your dog, it’s important to bear in mind that different veterinarians could have various sights on the best method to deal with the disease. It’s always a good suggestion to seek out a consultation, possibly from a vet oncologist, and also carefully assess your alternatives.

Diabetes

Diabetic issues in pets is an intricate illness brought on by either a lack of the hormonal agent insulin or a poor response to insulin. After a pet eats, his digestion system breaks food into different parts, including sugar– which is lugged right into his cells by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreatic. When a canine does not generate insulin or can not utilize it typically, his blood sugar levels raise. The result is hyperglycemia, which, if left unattended, can trigger several difficult illness for a dog.

Heartworm

Heartworm is a parasitic worm that stays in the heart and pulmonary arteries of a contaminated animal. The worms travel with the bloodstream– hurting arteries and also crucial body organs as they go– ultimately completing their journey to the vessels of the lung as well as the heart chamber regarding 6 months after the first infection. A number of hundred worms can live in one pet for five to seven years.

Kennel Cough

Kennel coughing is a term freely made use of to define a complicated of breathing infections– both viral and bacterial– that triggers swelling of a canine’s voice box and also windpipe. It’s a kind of bronchitis as well as is similar to an upper body cold in people.

Parvovirus

Canine parvovirus is a highly transmittable viral disease that can produce life-threatening ailment.

Rabies

Rabies is a viral condition that may impact the brain as well as spinal cord of all mammals, consisting of felines, dogs and humans. This preventable condition has actually been reported in every state other than Hawaii. There’s excellent factor that the really word “rabies” stimulates fear in people– when symptoms show up, rabies is close to 100% fatal.

Ringworm

Although the name recommends otherwise, ringworm isn’t brought on by a worm at all– however a fungi that can contaminate the skin, hair and also nails. This very transmittable illness can lead to patchy locations of hair loss on a canine and also can spread to various other pets– as well as to humans, too.

Usual Pet Diseases

How Much does it Cost to get Rabbits Nails Clipped?

How Much does it Cost to get Rabbits Nails Clipped?

Normally, we all love to grow pet animals in our home because they are best companion. Actually, rabbit is a beautiful and smart pet animal, many children’s and teens would love to grow it in their home. We must give separate hut to the rabbits otherwise they can’t feel well. We should give the right and selected food items to them and it’s important for healthy life of little rabbits. You should take care of rabbit’s nail that may difficult to cut after it grows big. We have to put the clips on nails of rabbit and it’s necessary to keep the rabbit inside the home atmosphere.

The basic steps to clipping rabbits nail

How Much does it Cost to get Rabbits Nails Clipped?

Healthy environment is important for both people and pet animals, so we should follow some certain rules to avoid issues. The rabbit nails are dangerous so we should cut them initially to avoid unwanted injuries. Basically, pet owners don’t want to clip the rabbit’s nail by own because it’s a kind of daunting task. They want to go for veterinarian specialist to clip the rabbits nail without any tension. Here are some steps available for safely clipping the rabbit’s nails.

  • First step is inspection of rabbit’s nail because nails may grow any places of rabbit. We should inspect it monthly once otherwise we have to face consequences
  • We should find a perfect nail clipper as per the size of rabbit. There are two kinds of clippers available for rabbit’s clipping. The scissor and guillotine style clippers will be the best choices for clipping the rabbit’s nail.
  • We should keep the styptic powder in hand while clipping nails of rabbits. If we cut it too little, then rabbits start bleeding. This powder helps rabbit to feel normal quickly as possible. However, we need a support of another person for cutting the nails of rabbits.
  • We should hug and calm the rabbits after cutting the nails of rabbits. This procedure will hurt the rabbits so we must gently restrain the rabbits.
  • We should keep the rabbit away from our body and it’s helpful for us to avoid injuries
  • We have to wrap the rabbit with neat towel

Attention

Above procedure will be helpful for people who are keeping rabbits in their home. We need some awareness about selection of nail clipper because a bad clipper may hurt the rabbits brutally. We may get some suggestions from experts to find a well deserved rabbit’s nail clipper. Generally, we’re keeping small rabbits so injuries are usual while cutting the nails. The perfect styptic powder is necessary to stop the bleed quite conveniently. We do not handle the rabbits brutally while clipping nails because it may hurt them.

The total cost of rabbit’s nail clipping

How Much does it Cost to get Rabbits Nails Clipped?

Rabbit is a fabulous pet animal so we must take care of it when it’s growing well. We do not forget to feed right food items. You have to buy rabbits nail clippers to cut the nails at right time. We need only a few things to perform the procedure of rabbit’s nail clipping so it never costs must as we think. We can simply go for veterinarian clinic that can be a smart option to cut the nails of rabbit. Mostly veterinarian specialist charges 5$ for clipping the rabbit’s nail. If we go for self clipping process, then we should spend only little money. We can use nail cutter, styptic powder, and other things for many times so it can be a right and money saving method. The people need to get some advices from experts for clipping the nails quite easily. In these present days, people mostly wish to take care of pet animals by own because we know how sensitive is it. The common people don’t want spend more money on rabbit’s nail clipping process because it’s a simple one. Only a less majority of people need the help of expert for cutting the nails of pet animals. Basically, rabbit’s nails are very sharp so we should concentrate well until finish off the procedure. If you know the rabbit’s nail clipping procedures very well then you can do it by your own.

When Your Pet is in Need of a Specialist…

Veterinary Emergency & Referral Group (a/k/a VERG) was formed in 2005 by Dr. Brett Levitzke. Formerly known as Brooklyn Veterinary Emergency Service, which was founded by a group of veterinarians in 1992, VERG is a multi-disciplinary REFERRAL ONLY Hospital located in the Cobble Hill section of Brooklyn, New York, designed to function as an extension of the services provided by you, the primary veterinarian. Open 24-hours, 7 days a week, our referral hospital and emergency/critical care unit consists of a team of experienced, dedicated specialists and emergency doctors, utilizing state-of-the-art diagnostic technologies and cutting edge procedures, all in a caring environment. We are committed to making the referral experience one of personal service.

VERG also provides expert emergency/critical care for pets, 24/7, 365 days a year. While we are a Referral Only Hospital, NO REFERRAL is needed for Emergency Critical Care patients.

Veterinary Emergency & Referral Group consists of a team of experienced, dedicated, board certified specialists, emergency clinicians, trained technicians, veterinary assistants and patient service representatives, who work together to provide your pet with the highest quality, state-of-the art care, all in a nurturing environment.

When your veterinarian says it’s time to see a specialist, ask them about VERG, Veterinary Emergency & Referral Group of Brooklyn, New York.

How to Make Your Guinea Pig Happy?

In this modern world, many people require a best companion pet and most of them tend to have pets based on their wish. When it comes to pet grow, people would have several options such as cats, puppies, rabbits and many more. Among all guinea pigs are widely preferred pet by most of the people and it is mainly because the guinea pets are easy to maintain. Moreover, the guinea pigs is the best choice for having a warm feel filled with lots of love and do not need much attention in constant manner. for all these reasons people tends to have guinea pigs as their pet but in reality most of the people would find some difficulties in growing guinea pigs whether they are happy or not. Whenever people tend to have pets it is important to check whether they are healthy, happier and comfortable to live in place.

However guinea pigs do not require attention in frequent manner it is also necessary to look to their feelings and health which most of the people fail to do.

Attention

Like humans the guinea pets also have feelings when they are left alone for long time then they would get depressed. Thus whenever people have guinea pets it is necessary to take care of them properly to have precious pets.

Tips to make guinea pigs happy:

How to Make Your Guinea Pig Happy?

In common people would prefer to have guinea pigs as their pets but most of them do not aware how to make them happy and grow them in healthy way. Once if you welcome the guinea pigs into your home as your companion pet then it is more important to take care of all their necessities and take care of them. On other hand pets do not need you just for healthy food but also they need warm care, safe shelter and best companionship when all these provided to your guinea pigs then they would be happy with you. But most of the time people do not know how to provide all these in proper way to make pets happier especially when you are new owner of guinea pigs to make easy for those people here are some tips listed below.

  • show lot of attention to pet
  • provide healthy food
  • keep the cage and pets place clean
  • have frequent play with pet

Show lot of attention to pet:

How to Make Your Guinea Pig Happy?

the guinea pigs are little cute animal that loves to be with company of guinea pigs always so whenever people tends to get guinea pigs as a pet then it is better to buy as two in number. Because guinea pigs would have company with each other but this could be done only when pet shop has maximum numbers of guinea pigs. thus if the guinea pigs are alone there are more chances for getting depressed so people need to show more attention to them if not people can get best guinea pig toys to pamper them as if there is a companion available.

Provide healthy food:

How to Make Your Guinea Pig Happy?

The guinea pig happiness is depends on their diet too, so it is important to provide healthy foods to guinea pigs in balanced manner. While doing so it helps lot pet to have good health and happy mood so people can provide fresh fruits rich in vitamin C, celery, carrots, cucumber, peas, spinach, tomatoes and vegetables. While you provide hay ensure that it is compressed well only then it would not injure the pet.

 Keep the cage and pet place clean:

How to Make Your Guinea Pig Happy?

The guinea pets should always tends to have larger place to live so people should make sure that they can larger spaced cages. It is because mostly all pets would love to move around lot similarly guinea pets also move around lot, play with companion, food bowl, toys and bowl for drinking water. Apart from more spacious cleanliness is more essential thus people should remove all left over foods, wastes and replace the water bowl frequently.

Have frequent play with pet

How to Make Your Guinea Pig Happy?

Guinea pigs will be happy when they play and run here and there, moreover that remains to be a enjoying moments for the guinea pets. People need to play guinea favorite games such as tunnels, tubes, decorative and many. Guinea pets really love to run through tunnels so people should play with their pets in frequent manner to make them happy.

Likewise the guinea pigs are little, delicate, sensitive animal so if people wish to make them happy then they should avoid strangers to handle them as they are frightened highly by strangers.

When Your Pet is in Need of a Specialist…

Veterinary Emergency & Referral Group (a/k/a VERG) was formed in 2005 by Dr. Brett Levitzke. Formerly known as Brooklyn Veterinary Emergency Service, which was founded by a group of veterinarians in 1992, VERG is a multi-disciplinary REFERRAL ONLY Hospital located in the Cobble Hill section of Brooklyn, New York, designed to function as an extension of the services provided by you, the primary veterinarian. Open 24-hours, 7 days a week, our referral hospital and emergency/critical care unit consists of a team of experienced, dedicated specialists and emergency doctors, utilizing state-of-the-art diagnostic technologies and cutting edge procedures, all in a caring environment. We are committed to making the referral experience one of personal service.

VERG also provides expert emergency/critical care for pets, 24/7, 365 days a year. While we are a Referral Only Hospital, NO REFERRAL is needed for Emergency Critical Care patients.

Veterinary Emergency & Referral Group consists of a team of experienced, dedicated, board certified specialists, emergency clinicians, trained technicians, veterinary assistants and patient service representatives, who work together to provide your pet with the highest quality, state-of-the art care, all in a nurturing environment.

When your veterinarian says it’s time to see a specialist, ask them about VERG, Veterinary Emergency & Referral Group of Brooklyn, New York.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

An Overview of the Theory and Applications for Small Animal Veterinary Practice

What is it?

The concept of the MR image is a chemical analysis of constituent body tissues, displayed as a grey-scale in anatomical context. It uses a combination of magnetic fields and radiofrequency signals to map hydrogen nuclei. The MR-scanner contains a powerful magnet, which aligns the protons and causes them to spin around the long axis of the magnetic field. Radiofrequency bombardment causes the nuclei to emit a signal which is related to position and chemical environment within the tissues. The image takes several minutes to acquire, and any movement blur can render the image non-diagnostic, so general anesthesia is required.

Different radiofrequency pulse sequences can be used to highlight tissues in different ways. For example, a “T1-weighted” scan shows fluid as dark, and a “T2-weighted” scan shows fluid as bright. Fat will appear bright in both scans. Most pathological processes will lower the fat content and raise the water content, so comparing the T1 and T2 weighted scans (known as an irritation pattern) will highlight this.

Additional processing of T2-weighted scans can be done to suppress the fat-signal, to produce a “STIR” image (Short Tau Inversion Recovery – useful in identifying vertebral body pathology), and suppression of the water-signal produces a “FLAIR” image (Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery – useful for identifying pathology in or near the ventricles in CNS studies). Scans can also be run to provide 3-D/high resolution protocols for examination of small areas of tissue in greater detail.

Another useful technique is to use contrast enhancement. Gadolinium injection identifies a breakdown in the blood/brain barrier and abnormal capillary flow and so helps identify neoplasia or acute infectious processes.

What are the indications for use?

Spinal Disease

Imaging of spinal disease has traditionally relied upon plain radiography and almost invariably, myelography. The latter can be a time consuming and technically demanding procedure for some specialists with some risk of post study complications (e.g. seizures) or non-diagnostic studies (e.g. due to diffuse cord swelling). MRI allows for rapid localization and characterization of spinal lesions, with negligible risks.

Intracranial Disease

MRI is currently the best way of imaging intracranial disease, as it is not impeded by the bone of the cranial vault and it provides superior detail of soft tissue structures compared with CT-scans. This makes it invaluable for the diagnosis of brain tumors.

While relatively uncommon in small animals, the incidence of CNS neoplasia has probably been under-diagnosed historically, due to lack of appropriate imaging facilities. In some cases, long term remission can be achieved by surgical removal/debulking or radiotherapy. In addition, we have found that many clients appreciate a definitive diagnosis, and thus accurate prognosis in such cases, even if they elect not to proceed with further treatment.

Furthermore, ruling out intracranial space occupying lesions early can help direct other diagnostic and therapeutic efforts.

Epilepsy

Primary epilepsy usually starts early in life, but can occur at any age. Given that late-onset epilepsy is also treatable with anti-convulsants, it is important to rule out neoplastic/inflammatory disease in the older patient. Ideally, all cases presenting with altered mentation or seizures, irrespective of age, would receive a brain scan to rule out underlying disease as part of a thorough work-up.

Nasal Disease

Radiography and endoscopy with cytology or biopsy are currently the mainstay of diagnosis in chronic nasal discharge, epistaxis, and sneezing. However, cytology has a low sensitivity for intra-nasal neoplasia; biopsies may be non-diagnostic (often due to non-representative sampling of associated inflammatory tissue); radiography is non-specific and does not delineate soft tissue masses clearly; and rhinoscopy can be hampered by lack of access to the entire nasal cavity and a field of view impeded by debris, discharge, and hemorrhage.

Historically, many cases of intranasal disease have only been diagnosed by exploratory rhinotomy – inherently an invasive procedure. MRI will evaluate the nature of abnormal soft tissue and determine the extent of the lesion, including any involvement of adjacent structures. It is therefore useful in the diagnosis of tumors, foreign bodies, and fungal disease.

Orbital Disease

MRI is superior to radiography, which is only helpful in cases where neoplastic disease extends markedly beyond the orbit, and ultrasonography, which can give both false positive and false negative diagnoses for neoplastic masses. MRI is recommended for patients in which radiography and ultrasonography fail to produce a confident diagnosis, or for which surgery is proposed.

Other Soft Tissues

MRI shows some promise in characterizing hepatic, splenic, renal, and pelvic lesions. The difficulty with this is the time required to achieve a scan, which can mean that abdominal movement leads to respiratory blur. As new protocols are devised, such complications may be avoided.

Veterinary MRI Scanner Now Fully Operational

I am pleased to announce that our dedicated veterinary MRI scanner is now fully operational!

The doctors and support staff at VERG have undergone extensive training with Esaote imaging experts in order to provide quality, diagnostic images. Dr. Raymond Prata, DACVS, has over 35 years of experience in the fields of surgery and neurosurgery. In addition, we have the backing of board certified radiologists for interpretation of non-routine cases.

As with all of our other services, the extent of your input is tailored to your requirements, with the option of arranging the imaging alone, or having us manage the case from the initial consultation to a full investigation and appropriate medical or surgical therapy.

We have posted a general overview on the theory and application of magnetic resonance imaging. I hope you find this helpful in coordinating a diagnostic plan for your patients. In addition, we are planning a C.E. lecture on applications of MRI in specific cases – further information will follow.

As always, please do not hesitate to call with any questions.

Sincerely,
Brett Levitzke DVM
Medical Director